Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is a US state with one of the richest historical backgrounds. Previously noted as the capital city of the United States, this pre-colonial Native American village is now a popular tourist destination focusing on revolution and independence. Called the city of brotherly love, Philadelphia is the largest city in Pennsylvania and one of the largest cities in the United States. This article will provide information on the city and act as a guide to this area’s history.
During the 1600’s, Philadelphia experienced a European invasion with Dutch, Swedish, and British individuals landing in the city. Until the late 17th century, the Swedish held the dominant position; however, in 1681, King Charles II of England began to play a larger role in the running of Philadelphia. It was during this time that Charles II granted William Penn the charter for Pennsylvania as a form of debt repayment. This repayment led to Philadelphia being placed as part of the charter in the year 1682.
William Penn is the most well known of the US Quakers, and his original intention was to form Pennsylvania as a colony where the population could worship without any fear of discrimination. Penn desired Philadelphia to resemble the country towns described in Great Britain, so he designed the housing to have wide spaces between the buildings with large open allotments. Unfortunately, residents soon abandoned these plans and chose to reside around the Delaware River with small spacing between the properties. Ironically, this led to crowding and the development of the architectural style now known as “Philadelphia rows” where homes present with at least three stories on a small lot.
During this period, the small town of Philadelphia grew rapidly largely due to the seaport. By the end of the 18th century, Philadelphia was considered one of the largest English cities in the USA. For the majority of the Revolutionary War, this city served as the headquarters for the liberal army, and it was this reason why Philadelphia was chosen to be the first capital of the USA. At this time, Benjamin Franklin was a resident of the city, and he assisted with many improvements in the city including the development of hospitals.
During the 1800s, the federal and state government relocated out of Philadelphia; however, this did not reduce the growth of the city and Philadelphia continued to prosper as a culture and industrial center. As an industrial hub, Philadelphia promoted the production of textiles, and numerous corporations opened businesses in the city. In fact, many major corporations continue to use Philadelphia as a base for their businesses today. The Philadelphia yoga teacher training yoga studio is a corporation in West Philadelphia.
During the early 20th century, central Philadelphia began to see disruption and crime in the city caused people to struggle. Efforts to reduce this activity had little influence, and despite more growth in suburban areas, central Philadelphia started gaining a poor reputation. In 1960, city leaders noticed the problem and began focusing on the redevelopment of the area. This was when tourism began to replace industry, and historic landmarks were restored.